Why did the Industrial Revolution start in Britain? There are a variety of reasons that Britain became the forefront of the Industrial Revolution. The effects of the Industrial Revolution in Britain were monumental on the industrialization of Europe, starting a massive chain of development and growth. Britain’s accessibility, stability, and openness allowed for the emergence of different thinking and expanding technologies.
What is industrialization?
First off, industrialization is the transformation of a society from an initially agriculturally based economy to a country based on manufacturing goods and services. This involved the introduction of mechanical mass production and assembly lines in replacement of individual labor. During the period of the Industrial Revolution in Europe, societies evolved from a rural, agricultural society to becoming predominantly industrial and urban, leaning towards the use of machinery, factories, and manufactured production.
Britain’s Industrial Revolution
The first Industrial Revolution took off in England. Britain was a great center point for the Industrial Revolution in England to emerge, with its access to numerous natural resources such as iron or coal as well as a population growth which created an abundance of opportunities for new markets. Population growth increased demand for manufactured products such as clothing, and opened up new opportunities.
Britain’s access to these deposits of coal and iron helped for the development of new machinery made of iron and powered by coal. Being a politically stable society with a booming economy, the British Industrial Revolution was able to thrive and Britain soon became one of the world’s leading powers.
The textile industry was a one of the most successful products of industrialization that boosted the Industrial Revolution in England, as was the iron industry which demonstrated Britain’s richness in its natural resources. The Industrial Revolution also derived from the numerous inventions and technological developments that evolved from British scientists. The Enlightenment and the Scientific Revolution encouraged people to embrace a new way of scientific thinking that incorporated into industrial ideas and improvements.
Britain’s emergence as the first Industrial Revolution hinged on its accessibility and land of opportunity, which allowed for a variety of industrial markets to flourish and thrive from this massive transformation. The effects of the Industrial Revolution also extended to the general standard of living in England, bringing in an abundance of factory-produced goods and favoring the middle and upper classes. Despite this, labor conditions for the lower classes in factories remained difficult and dangerous.
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With the success of the Industrial Revolution in England, the idea of industrialization soon spread throughout Europe and pervaded other European countries to follow suit. Industrialization became well-established thereafter, and improved the quality of economies. Britain became an incredible industrial power of Europe, sustaining the development of new technologies and an improving economy that started a chain reaction throughout other European countries as a result.