Leukemia and lymphoma are both types of blood cancer. It is important for a patient to know about leukemia vs lymphoma.
Health is the most precious thing for any living thing, and everyone tries to stay healthy till death. People suffer from different sort of diseases despite great efforts of being perfectly fit. Cancer is the most terrible illness that anyone could imagine in life. It does not affect just a single organ, but the entire body can be affected. This article will let you know about Leukemia vs lymphoma and hence you’ll be able to understand differences between these two sister diseases.
What are the Leukemia and Lymphoma?
Cancer becomes super horrible when the blood gets affected with this. You might have seen people having blood cancer and pain they suffer from. Leukemia and lymphoma are both types of blood cancer. As per the Leukemia & Lymphoma Society, around 48,610 were diagnosed with leukemia in America in the year 2013.
Similarly, around 79,030 people were diagnosed with lymphoma in 2013. Such horrible number of victims show the tendency of cancer. It is very sad to see that cancer is spreading all over the world so quickly and running lives of innocent people. You would be shocked to know that this dreadful disease takes away life after every 10 minutes.
Both types of cancer share some symptoms. However, there are unambiguous differences between their symptoms, treatments, and origins.
Lymphoma and Leukemia Origin
Both lymphoma and leukemia result when there are problems with white blood cells. Let’s talk about both types in a brief manner.
In this case, bone marrow creates numerous white blood cells that can’t be removed naturally. On the other hand, it is the normal practice of the aging blood cells that they can be died off naturally without any distraction. Instead of dying naturally, they keep on increasing in numbers and finally take over healthy red blood cells.
You might be aware of the fact that body mainly depends upon the red blood cells for nutrient transport and oxygen. Due to the illness these healthy red blood cells also get affected. Leukemia may also begin in the lymph nodes.
This particular ailment starts in the lymph nodes. Actually lymph nodes are very small tissues that are responsible for fighting against any infection in your body. So it means they work as bodyguards within the human body. Excessive spreading of the abnormal white blood cells in other different parts of the body may also result in lymphoma.
Kinds of Leukemia
It is necessary to know that leukemia can be of both types; chronic or acute. Chronic leukemia is very common among the patients and nurtures slower during the starting phase. The acute one results in the speedy growth of cancer that is an alarming situation of its victims. Basically there are four important kinds of leukemia, and each one is classified by the origins and growth rate of the cancer cells. These are given below:
- Chronic myeloid leukemia
- Chronic lymphocytic leukemia
- Acute myeloid leukemia
- Acute lymphoblastic leukemia
Signs of Leukemia
It is important to know that leukemia is a slow mover and grows slowly within the body. It means a person may not be able to feel its symptoms immediately. It becomes visible when the white blood cells grow in numbers, and the red blood cells decrease. This tendency of growing white blood cells and lessening of red blood cells allow leukemia to take control over the victim’s body. Following are a few common indications of the disease.
- Increase in body infections
- Easy bruising
- Fevers and night sweats
- Excessive fatigue
Treatment Options for Leukemia
There could be a misconception that treatment for all kind of leukemia is same, however, this perception is not near to reality. Actually treatment for this particular disease is based on the diagnosis and condition of the victim.
Doctors often prefer to follow ‘watchful waiting’ approach when they find a patient with slow-moving cancer. This is among the most common situation in chronic lymphocytic leukemia that mostly causes no signs.
There are some useful treatments that can help the patient come out of the situation. These treatments prevent abnormal cells from producing in the lymph and blood nodes.
- Radiation therapy
- Targeted therapy
- Stem cell transplant
Lymphoma: Non-Hodgkin vs Hodgkin
Being a little different from leukemia, the lymphoma particularly affects the lymph nodes. These kinds are truly based on the origins of different cancer cells. The lymphatic system is the place where some of the cases begin while a few lymphomas start in white blood cells similar to myeloid leukemia.
These types of cancers are also known as non-Hodgkin lymphomas. They begin to happen when B- or T- cells inside white blood cells get abnormal.
On the contrary side, Hodgkin initiates with a big lymph node. After originating, it spreads to several other lymph nodes and finally to other important internal organs of the body like lungs. One thing that is necessary to keep in mind that Hodgkin is not as common as the other non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
Indications of Lymphoma
To decide the correct nature of cancer, the first one needs to decide if the patient has non-Hodgkin or Hodgkin lymphoma disease.
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma can show the same symptoms as the Hodgkin disease, but additional signs can include:
- Chest pain
- Excessive fatigue
- Breathing difficulties
- Swollen and painful tummy
Hodgkin can cause:
- Itchy skin
- Swollen and painless lymph nodes
- Night sweats and fever
- Weight loss and loss of appetite also
Treatments of Lymphoma
Just like leukemia, treatments of lymphoma cannot be decided until the nature of cancer is diagnosed. Cancer cells can be treated easily in the Hodgkin if they still exist in the lymph nodes. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy are the most commonly used treatment options for this kind of lymphoma.
Such sort of therapies can also be applied to treat a non-Hodgkin disease. However, there are options available similar to leukemia. For instance, an oncologist might utilize targeted therapy to prevent the white blood cells from getting abnormal.
Lymphoma and leukemia grow slowly than other forms of cancer. So the patient should go for a regular checkup and treatment to prevent the potential harm.