How do almonds grow on trees ?
All of you must have heard about the health benefits of the almonds and must be using in your daily diet but, do you know that how do almonds grow? No doubt many of you must be aware that almonds grow on the trees but there are many factors that you need to consider while growing almonds. Here, in this article, we are going to discuss in detail about the production of almonds.
First thing you need to know is that the almonds trees are not self-fertile. They need to be cross fertilised with another variety of trees and this cross fertilization is accomplished with the assistance of honeybees. For cross fertilisation you can use different kinds of almond trees and then tying a small branch of the preferred kind to the stem of another. Cross fertilisation can also be achieved by planting two different varieties of almond tree on the same spot. This will allow the tree branches and flowers to get cross fertilized.
However, if you are not sure that you can do it yourself, then you can buy pre fertilized almond trees from a nursery.
Preferred conditions for growing almonds
Almonds trees show full growth and best production in the climate similar to that of Mediterranean region. It means the wet, mild winters and warm, dry summers are the best for the production of almonds. The buds should be chilled up to 300-600 hours at the temperature below than 45 degrees. It is must for breaking their dormancy. And the optimal temperature for their further growth is 65-80 degrees Fahrenheit.
Propagation of an almond tree
You can use grafted cutting or seeds for growing almond trees. In the case you use seeds, make sure to buy unprocessed (raw) seeds and you will require five seeds for a single tree. And if you want to plant a cutting, then you can buy it from nursery or can cut a branch from an almond tree and then graft it in the soil. You can do this anytime from December to February.
Almond trees require lot of water and sunlight for their proper growth. Also, the trees are vulnerable to plant diseases and insects. So, you need to take proper care of their irrigation and should use pesticides so that the insects can be kept away.
Almond trees grow up to the height of 33 feet. The tree will have white or pale pink blossoms in the early spring before leaves emerge out. The fruit become mature after 7 to 8 months of flowering i.e. in the autumn. This is the time when almond fruits are harvested. After harvesting, they are allowed to dry in a ventilated and cool place for one week. Once the almonds are dried, they can be brought out of their shell.
A new tree will produce fruit after three years of its plantation, while it takes 5 to 7 years for reaching full maturity. Normal production from a healthy almond tree is 30 to 50 pounds per year and it can produce the fruit up to 50 years.
If you still have any doubt about how do almonds grow, then you can refer to internet.